Tennessee Chapter
Society of King Charles the Martyr

FACTS









Charles Stuart was born 1600, son of James I of England and VI of Scotland. In 1625, Charles became King on the death of his father, James.

Oliver Cromwell and his followers were opposed to both King and the Church and were anxious to protestantize the Church and make it into a Presbyterian-Puritan body; whereupon, in 1645, Civil War broke out, and Charles was taken prisoner to await trial. After the mockery of a trial, Charles prepared for his death. On 30 January 1649 King Charles I was martyred for refusing to abolish the Church and the order of bishops.

In 1660, after eleven years of persecution, Church and monarchy were restored, and 30 January was set aside as a special day of remembrance of the King's martyrdom. In 1661, Charles was canonized by the Church and added to the Kalendar of Saints. But for Charles I, under God, the Church would not have been restored intact at the Restoration.


Memorable Quotes:

                    "As for Episcopacy, it is still my opinion that it is of Apostolic institution and, in this kingdom, has been exercised from primitive times..." -- the King's affirmation of faith in the necessity of Episcopacy to William Juxon, Bishop of London, and to Colonel Thomas Herbert, on the day of his martyrdom.

                    "The true glory of Princes consists in advancing God's glory, in the maintenance of true religion, and the Church's good; also in the dispensation of civil power, with justice and honour to the public peace....while I studied to preserve the rights of the Church, the power of the laws, the honour of my crown, the privilege of parliaments, the liberties of my people and my own conscience, which I thank God, is dearer to me than a thousand kingdoms." --the King in a letter written to the Prince of Wales, before his execution.

                    "....I tell you--and I pray God it be not laid to your charge--that I am the martyr of the people."
--the King on the Scaffold at Whitehall Palace on 30 January 1649.

                    "my conscience in religion is, I think, very well known to all the world, and therefore I declare before you all that I die a Christian according to the profession of the Church of England as I found it left me by my father.  I have a good cause and I have a gracious God." -- the King on the Scaffold, in response to Bishop Juxon's request for his Majesty's affections towards religion.

                    On the scaffold Bishop Juxon said to the King in a low voice: "You have but one stage more. It is turbulent and troublesome, but it is a short one, though it will carry you a very great way. It will carry you from earth to heaven." The King caught the echo of his Coronation sermon and responded:  "I am going from a corruptible to an incorruptible crown, where no disturbance can be. No disturbance in the world." 

                       "Remember." -- the King to Bishop Juxon on the Scaffold at Whitehall Palace.


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